Required Minimum Distributions: New Age, New Deadline
The SECURE Act has changed the required minimum distribution (RMD) rules. Most of us now have until age 72 to take our first distribution. Learn more so you can develop a strategy to help minimize your tax burden.
Q: Which retirement accounts require RMDs?
A: According to the IRS, RMD rules apply to IRAs, including SEP and SIMPLE IRAs. RMDs don’t apply to Roth IRAs until after the death of the owner. RMDs also apply to 401(k), profit sharing accounts, 403(b) and other defined contribution plans.
Q: When do I have to take my first RMD?
A: If you turned age 70 ½ in 2019, you have to take your first RMD by April 1 of this year. However, if you turn age 70 ½ in 2020 or later, the new SECURE Act rules allow you to delay taking your first RMD until April 1 of the year after you reach age 72. For example, if you turn age 72 in 2022, you have until April 1, 2023, to take your first RMD.
Q: What if I inherit an IRA this year?
A: The new SECURE Act law states that if you inherit a traditional IRA from an owner who dies after Dec. 31, 2019, the entire balance of the IRA must be distributed to the beneficiary within 10 years. Prior rules gave beneficiaries their entire lifetime to take distributions. There are exceptions to the 10-year rule for a surviving spouse, a child who hasn’t reached the age of majority, a disabled or chronically ill person or a person who is not more than 10 years younger than the IRA account owner. Talk to your advisor for further guidance.
Q: What happens if I miss the deadline?
A: If you don’t take your first RMD by your deadline, then you might have to pay a 50% excise tax on the amount that wasn’t distributed. This also triggers a need to file a Form 5329, so consult with your advisor and tax professional for more information.
Q: Do I have to take an RMD if I am still working?
A: If you work past age 72 and are still participating in your employer’s retirement plan, you can delay taking an RMD until April 1 following the calendar year in which you retire (if the retirement plan allows this and you own 5% or less of the company). After that, you must take distributions no later than Dec. 31 of each calendar year. However, if you have an IRA or another retirement plan outside of work, you will need to begin taking RMDs from that account under the standard RMD rules.
Q: What is the potential tax impact of delaying RMDs until age 72?
A: Because the RMD for some individuals starts two years later than previous rules required, it’s possible the RMD could be higher than if that individual started taking them at age 70 ½. In this scenario, it might mean more taxable income. It could also mean this individual is pushed into a higher marginal tax rate and it might trigger increased Medicare premiums. Consult with your advisor and tax professional for guidance on your situation.
Partner With Your Advisor
Consider consulting with your advisor before you approach your RMD age. At Mariner Wealth Advisors, we believe an effective tax strategy should be part of an overall wealth management plan. Your advisor can help with whether it makes sense to shift some of your retirement savings into a Roth IRA to minimize the tax impact of RMDs from your other retirement accounts. Also, if you would like more details on RMDs and how they are calculated, read our article, “Required Minimum Distributions: Get to Know the Basic Rules.”
“Retirement Plan and IRA Required Minimum Distributions FAQs,” irs.gov.
“Retirement Topics: RMDs,” irs.gov.
“Why the SECURE Act Makes 2020 the Year of Missed RMDs From IRAs,” forbes.com.
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